Zero-Carbon and Low-Carbon Fuels and Propulsion Technologies
SSPA takes an active role in developing and assessing solutions to help the shipping industry move towards climate-neutrality. Reducing greenhouse gases from shipping requires a range of solutions to meet the needs of a variety of ship types, sizes, and operational profiles. Low-carbon and zero-carbon fuels, wind propulsion, and electrification are all expected to contribute towards creating a greener net-zero emissions fleet. SSPA’s research focusses on taking these solutions from idea to real-world application.
Areas where SSPA’s researchers are actively working include:
* Assessment of sustainable alternative fuels including methanol, hydrogen, ammonia, and liquefied methane gas considering risk, safety, and environmental perspectives, taking a well to wake approach.
* Integration of alternative fuel technologies (internal combustion engines, fuel cells) and fuel storage systems as new build and retrofit concepts.
* Application, analysis, and optimization of wind propulsion concepts both for wind assist and primary wind propulsion.
* Electrification of vessels and assessment of the needs for shoreside electricity
* Supply chain and infrastructure needs for alternative fuels, including bunkering facilities, procedures, and risk assessment.
Selected projects include:
* HyMethShip (Hydrogen methanol ship propulsion using on board pre-combustion carbon capture). Research project funded by the EU H2020 program.
* FASTWATER (FAST Track to Clean and Carbon-Neutral WATERborne Transport through Gradual Introduction of Methanol Fuel). Research project funded by the EU H2020 program.
* WASP (Wind Assisted Ship Propulsion). Research project financed by the Interreg North Sea Europe programme, as part of the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF).
* wPCC (wind Powered Car Carrier). Swedish national research project.
* Zero Emission Ports North Sea. Research project financed by the Interreg North Sea Europe programme, as part of the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF).
* Connecting vessels to shore side electricity: Nationally-funded research project.
* Hydrogen, Ammonia, and Battery Electric Propulsion for Future Shipping. Nationally-funded research project.
* SMARtLIFE: Sulphur-Free Marine Lignin Fuels. Swedish research project.
* GreenPilot (Pilot Boat with Minimal Environmental Impact). Nationally funded Swedish research project.
* SUMMETH (Sustainable Marine Methanol) Project. Research project supported by the MARTEC II network.
* SPIRETH (“Alcohol (spirits) and ethers as marine fuel”) Project. International research project to test methanol based fuels in full scale pilot studies.