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Zero-Carbon and Low-Carbon Fuels and Propulsion Technologies

SSPA takes an active role in developing and assessing solutions to help the shipping industry move towards climate-neutrality. Reducing greenhouse gases from shipping requires a range of solutions to meet the needs of a variety of ship types, sizes, and operational profiles. Low-carbon and zero-carbon fuels, wind propulsion, and electrification are all expected to contribute towards creating a greener net-zero emissions fleet. SSPA’s research focusses on taking these solutions from idea to real-world application. 

Areas where SSPA’s researchers are actively working include:

* Assessment of sustainable alternative fuels including methanol, hydrogen, ammonia, and liquefied methane gas considering risk, safety, and environmental perspectives, taking a well to wake approach.

* Integration of alternative fuel technologies (internal combustion engines, fuel cells) and fuel storage systems as new build and retrofit concepts.

* Application, analysis, and optimization of wind propulsion concepts both for wind assist and primary wind propulsion.

* Electrification of vessels and assessment of the needs for shoreside electricity

* Supply chain and infrastructure needs for alternative fuels, including bunkering facilities, procedures, and risk assessment.

Selected projects include:

* HyMethShip (Hydrogen methanol ship propulsion using on board pre-combustion carbon capture). Research project funded by the EU H2020 program.  

* FASTWATER (FAST Track to Clean and Carbon-Neutral WATERborne Transport through Gradual Introduction of Methanol Fuel). Research project funded by the EU H2020 program.

* WASP (Wind Assisted Ship Propulsion). Research project financed by the Interreg North Sea Europe programme, as part of the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF).

* wPCC (wind Powered Car Carrier). Swedish national research project.

* Zero Emission Ports North Sea. Research project financed by the Interreg North Sea Europe programme, as part of the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF).

* Connecting vessels to shore side electricity: Nationally-funded research project.

* Hydrogen, Ammonia, and Battery Electric Propulsion for Future Shipping. Nationally-funded research project.

* SMARtLIFE: Sulphur-Free Marine Lignin Fuels. Swedish research project.

* GreenPilot (Pilot Boat with Minimal Environmental Impact). Nationally funded Swedish research project.

* SUMMETH (Sustainable Marine Methanol) Project. Research project supported by the MARTEC II network.

* SPIRETH (“Alcohol (spirits) and ethers as marine fuel”) Project. International research project to test methanol based fuels in full scale pilot studies.

Contacts