We are all aiming to avoid future economic surprises, to “think first” and to make wise decisions. But unfortunately, economic surprises sometimes arise. One of the main reasons for this is that when a new product or system is to be acquired, it is common to investigate only the cost for acquisition, with ownership costs frequently forgotten. Thus, just one part of the life-cycle cost is considered. This well-known problem is often visualised using the famous LCC iceberg, which shows that the acquisition cost is “merely the tip of the iceberg”, and that the ownership costs are hidden under the surface, e.g. cost for human resources, training, repair, upgrades and disposal; costs that constitute the largest part of the total life cycle cost in most scenarios.
During the spring, several projects are performing demo tests with the goal to develop the potential of inland waterways and city logistics in Sweden. SSPA is involved in several of these projects and our experts in logistics and shipping have knowledge to share. Waterways in urban areas have unused capacity which could be used for transport of people, goods and waste. An increased use of inland waterway transport and city logistics can reduce the strain on the road network with positive environmental effects such as less noise and lower emissions.
Under contract with DSME (Daewoo Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering Co. Ltd), SSPA has been testing and simulating the hydrodynamics of the new DSME 1400 AIP Class Submarine. SSPA performed the model testing on a scale model, manufactured and equipped with propeller, active aft control surfaces and forward hydroplanes.